Study Guide 2: The Ocean’s Way Poetry Companion by Elaine Donadio

Marine Birds, Marine Animals-Cnidaria

Please see my June 2, 2017 blog post for the updated study guide schedule.

You can preview and purchase The Ocean’s Way Poetry Companion at Amazon or Barnes & Noble websites for a digital or paperback copy, or you can visit for a digital copy.

The following questions are based on the sections entitled Marine Birds and Marine AnimalsCnidaria. (Cnidaria is pronounced nigh-dare-ee-uh.)


1. Adaptations– Define the term adaptations as it applies to seabirds. Which adaptations allow the albatross, gull, and penguin to successfully live and reproduce in their environments?

2. Albatross– What is the life cycle? How does it eat? Drink? Parent its offspring? What is the range of the wingspan? How does dynamic soaring aid the albatross in its trans-oceanic flights? What is photosynthesis? What is phytoplankton? Explain the relationship between photosynthesis and phytoplankton. Why is phytoplankton so important to the albatross and other living things? What forces could negatively impact the production of phytoplankton?

3. Gull– What do gulls eat and drink? How does a gull reproduce? What factors could negatively impact their reproductive cycles? What factors will attract gulls to land and landfills? What is the difference between a food chain and a food web? Develop a model to represent the gull’s place in the food chain and a food web. Identify cooperative and competitive aspects in the life of a gull. Explain the roles of producer and consumer as it relates to energy transfer. Give examples.

4. Penguin– Recount the ways in which penguins are different from other birds. Explain the contradiction between the ability to fly and the ability to live successfully in a harsh climate.  What does the penguin eat? How do they eat and drink? Reproduce? Care for their young? Which other creatures live in the same ecosystem as the Emperor penguin? Design a chart to show the Emperor penguin’s place in the food web. What do we learn about the Emperor penguin from studying their child rearing habits? Why do you think the Emperor penguin lives cooperatively? Give examples. In what ways does climate change impact the Emperor penguin?

5. Jellies– Jellies do not have a brain or a heart and they are NOT fish. How does this impact their lives? When do jellies sting?  Which substances are found in the body of a jelly? Create a diagram and label the body parts of a jelly. How does a jelly eat? Move? Protect itself? Transform energy? Name the natural enemies. How have jellies remained immune to the negative effects of climate change, pollution and human interference? Predict the outcome of this phenomenon on the oceans of the future. Why are jellies important to the ecosystem?

Sea Anemone– How is the sea anemone different from other Anthozoa? Is the sea anemone plant or animal? Explain. Name the body parts. About how many species exist? How does a sea anemone kill its prey? Reproduce? What adaptations allow for camouflage and protection? What is a symbiotic relationship? Define the term mutualism as it pertains to symbiotic relationships. Describe the mutually beneficial relationship between some sea anemones and clownfish. Describe the mutually beneficial relationship between some sea anemones and green algae. How is the sea anemone affected by climate change?

Create and answer at least five interview questions to ask a sea anemone and a clownfish about their relationship.


Spoiler alert: I will not be providing the answers for the questions. If you’re a serious adventurer, then you will discover the world on your own. Support all your answers with facts found in the book and the book Glossary or your own research where required. Seek and you shall find!

You can email Elaine Donadio at

Next: The Ocean’s Way Poetry Companion Study Guide 3. See you on September 16, 2017!

All rights reserved 2017.



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