Study Guide 2- The Ocean’s Way by Elaine Donadio

Chapters 4-6.

Please see my Nov. 2, 2017 blog post for the updated study guide schedule.

You can preview and purchase The Ocean’s Way at Amazon or Barnes & Noble websites for a digital or paperback copy, or you can visit Smashwords.com for a digital copy.

Holly and Jasmine both share many personal details of their lives. Holly is surprised to discover how much pain her best friend is feeling. When it looks as if all hope is lost, the adults in the story step up to the plate.

These questions are based on Chapters 4-6.

 

1. Discuss how Jasmine’s self-image might be influenced by her situation at home. How might this affect her interaction with others?

2. Pretend you are a case worker from Child Protective Services. Create five interview questions for Jasmine’s mother and have Jasmine’s mother answer them as you believe she would. Use details from the story.

3. Describe Grandma Rosie’s personality. The girls seem to believe things will turn out fine now that Grandma Rosie is on the scene. Do you agree or disagree with their conclusion? Base your answer on what has happened in the story.

4. Now that we’ve met Grandma Rosie, you can well imagine the conversation she will have with her son-in-law Albert about what’s going on in his home. Write a dialogue tracking the discussion.

Grandma Rosie:
Albert:
Grandma Rosie:
Albert:
Grandma Rosie:
Albert:

Keep the conversation going…

5. Pretend you are Jasmine. Write an email message to your father telling him how you feel about his absence and return. Use facts from the story.

 

Spoiler alert: I will not be providing the answers for the questions. If you’re a serious adventurer, then you will discover the world on your own. Support all your answers with facts found in the book. Seek and you shall find!

You can email Elaine Donadio at author@elainedonadio.com

Next: The Ocean’s Way Study Guide 3. See you on Dec. 16, 2017!

All rights reserved 2017.

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Study Guide 1- The Ocean’s Way by Elaine Donadio

Chapters 1-3.

Please see my Nov. 2, 2017 blog post for the updated study guide schedule.

You can preview and purchase The Ocean’s Way at Amazon or Barnes & Noble websites for a digital or paperback copy, or you can visit Smashwords.com for a digital copy.

We meet our main character, Holly Christiano and her best friend, Jasmine Jankowski. Holly is thrilled to be going to study marine life in South Florida, but Jasmine is putting up barriers. We learn about the girls’ lives and the problems and disappointments they face.

 

These questions are for Chapters 1-3.

 

1. Make a Venn Diagram to compare and contrast Holly and Jasmine. Choose which one you would rather have as a friend. Explain.

2. Sometimes we can learn about a character’s strength by how they react to situations in their lives. Describe how Holly and Jasmine have each deal with heartache. Pretend you are a school guidance counselor, what advice would you give them to make their lives happier?

3. Which character can you most identify with? Pretend you are that character. Write an entry in your diary explaining what’s on your mind.

Using the crossword puzzle model in Chapter 1, create your own crossword puzzle using five words and a thesaurus to describe how you’re feeling about your life right now.

Using the diamante (diamond) format of the airplane poem in Chapter 1, create your own diamante poem to describe an important object in your life. Use the following format. Note the diamond shape. Your poem should look the same.

Diamante Poem Format

Line 1- one noun
Line 2- two adjectives
Line 3- three “ing” verbs
Line 4- a four word phrase
Line 5- three “ed” verbs
Line 6- two adjectives
Line 7- one synonym for the noun in Line 1

4. Discuss why Nestor treats Holly so differently from Jasmine. What does this tell us about Nestor? How do you deal with being treated differently from siblings, friends or classmates?

5. Predict what Holly might find when she visits Jasmine’s house. Use details from the story to support your answer.

 

Spoiler alert: I will not be providing the answers for the questions. If you’re a serious adventurer, then you will discover the world on your own. Support all your answers with facts found in the book. Seek and you shall find!

All rights reserved 2017.

You can email Elaine Donadio at author@elainedonadio.com

Next: The Ocean’s Way Study Guide 2. See you on Dec. 9, 2017!

All rights reserved 2017

Study Guide 4- The Science Project by Elaine Donadio

Chapters 16-20.

Please see my Nov. 2, 2017 blog post for the updated study guide schedule.

You can preview and purchase The Science Project at Amazon or Barnes & Noble websites for a digital or paperback copy, or you can visit Smashwords.com for a digital copy.

This is the last study guide for The Science Project. Please purchase a copy of The Ocean’s Way to be ready for our next focus book for December.

Kwan Min and Jasmine’s plan has been put into action. Nestor is horrified and never saw it coming. His best friend Phil is embarrassed about Nestor’s recent behavior. Holly still does not punish Nestor, but the others are tired of his antics. All relationships go through a change.

 

These questions are based on Chapters 16-20.

1. Kwan Min and Nestor are now both in trouble at school. Pretend you are Kwan Min. Tell your parents all about Nestor, his teasing and your plan of revenge. What do you believe their reaction would be after they hear the whole story?

2. Pretend you are Nestor’s mom and pretend Ms. Costa called to tell you about the events of the last few days. Write an email message to your husband in Alaska telling him about Nestor’s recent behavior and what happened at Nestor’s school today.

3. Think about Phil’s recent behavior. Chart the changes in Phil’s attitude toward Nestor showing the cause-effect relationship between Nestor’s actions and Phil’s reactions. Is Phil justified in not always supporting his best friend, no matter what he does? Explain.

4. Nestor and Phil’s relationship has changed by the end of the book. In your opinion, is it for the better or worse? Compare and contrast their interactions from the beginning, middle and end. Make a judgment call: In what ways might the new terms of their relationship be a healthier outcome? Make a gratitude list for Nestor including at least five things in order of priority with the most important thing at number one.

Write a new ending for the book. Nestor and Kwan Min are in Mr. Christiano’s office. Take it from there. Be sure to include Nestor’s relationship with Kwan Min and Phil. You can include Mrs. Ramirez in the change if you like. You will probably write two chapters to cover the complete ending.

5. Think about a person who constantly teases or bullies you. What steps might you take to change the situation? Which adults and peers can you count on for help? Make a constructive plan of action to help yourself. Research. Analyze. Plan. Do.

 

Spoiler alert: I will not be providing the answers for the questions. If you’re a serious adventurer, then you will discover the world on your own. Support all your answers with facts found in the book. Seek and you shall find!

You can email Elaine Donadio at author@elainedonadio.com

Next: The Ocean’s Way Study Guide 1. See you on Dec. 2, 2017!

All rights reserved 2017.

Study Guide 3- The Science Project by Elaine Donadio

Chapters 11-15.

Please see my Nov. 2, 2017 blog post for the updated study guide schedule.

You can preview and purchase The Science Project at Amazon or Barnes & Noble websites for a digital or paperback copy, or you can visit Smashwords.com for a digital copy.

Nestor has devoted himself to the care and training of Hector. Things get a little out of hand, but Nestor is able to recover before it’s too late. Nestor gets in deeper with his bad attitude toward Kwan Min and Jasmine. He starts to question himself.

 

Te following questions are based on Chapters 11-15.

1. Describe Nestor’s relationship with his mother, Ms. Costa, Holly and Jasmine. In your opinion, why is Nestor’s relationship with Jasmine so different from that of the other females in the story?

2. We now know Nestor’s strong feelings of insecurity. Analyze how the males in his life—his father, cousins, and Kwan Min add to these feelings of inadequacy. Think about how Phil’s relationship is the exception to this pattern. What changes to make Nestor question Phil’s loyalty? Give specific examples.

3. Pretend you are Nestor. Create a science log entry for one day showing the care and feeding of Hector.

4. Kwan Min and Jasmine have a plan of their own. Make a prediction about what it might be. Look at the book cover for clues.

5. With his eyes cast down, Nestor stares at in the science table, and for the first time notices the scratches in its surface. How does this serve as a metaphor for Nestor’s life?

 

Spoiler alert: I will not be providing the answers for the questions. If you’re a serious adventurer, then you will discover the world on your own. Support all your answers with facts found in the book. Seek and you shall find!

You can email Elaine Donadio at author@elainedonadio.com

Next: The Science Project Study Guide 4. See you on Nov. 25, 2017!

All rights reserved 2017.

Study Guide 4: Sojourn Into The Night by Elaine Donadio

Pages 46-59.

Please remember to look for creatures hidden among the leaves.

You can preview and purchase Sojourn Into The Night—A Memoir of the Peruvian Rainforest at Amazon or Barnes & Noble websites for a digital or paperback copy, or you can visit Smashwords.com for a digital copy.

This marks the end of the first cycle of study guides. They will be repeated in November and December 2017 and January, February, March 2018. The new schedule can be found on my November 2, 2017 blog post. Happy reading!

These questions are based on pages 46-59.

 

1.Owl Butterflies

Draw a picture of the owl butterfly with its wings opened. Label the body parts. How did it get its name? How does it see? Hear? Smell? Taste? Feel? Life span?

Why does it fly primarily at dusk and dawn? What other adaptations aid in its survival? What does it eat? Explain the stages of metamorphosis. Why are they considered jungle pests when in the caterpillar stage? What role might parasitic wasps play in the attempt to control destructive caterpillar activity?  What behaviors might the host exhibit to protect itself from parasitic invasion? What are its natural enemies? Diagram the owl butterfly’s position on the food chain. How might a decrease in the numbers of owl butterflies affect other creatures in the rainforest?

Explain how they reproduce. Define lekking, genic capture, hotshot hypothesis, hotspot model, black hole model, and genetic diversity. Demonstrate how the theory of natural selection is at play here.

 

2. Indigenous People of the Peruvian Rainforest

What language(s) are spoken? What is the ethnicity of the majority of inhabitants? From which area of the world did they most likely emigrate? What is the typical diet? In what ways does the rainforest provide for its inhabitants? Define shifting cultivation and sustainable existence. In what ways does depending on an environment with limited usable land mass impact a people? Why is malnutrition so prevalent? Why do people congregate in specific regions? How does competition for natural resources affect interdependence? What characteristics are unique to the indigenous people of the rainforest? How might tourism and outside economic development both negatively and positively affect the status quo? In what way are the indigenous people trying to protect their territory and culture?

 

3. Children of the Peruvian Rainforest

How are children educated? What factors interfere with their education? In what ways does this limit their choices for the future? Show how technology and social media be used to provide a more equitable educational opportunity. What resistance might you expect to the introduction of this idea?

How is rabies contracted in the rainforest? Who are the most likely victims? Why? What other diseases are transmitted by vampire bats? Why do you think a victim who is bitten is in danger of contracting more than one disease? What are some preventive measures that should be taken by tourists and indigenous people to protect themselves from vampire bats?  Why aren’t these practices widespread?

In what ways do cultural opposition and remote location adversely affect the children?

 

4. Impact of  Cultural & Societal Systems

How and why do places change over time? How have cultural, technologic, and societal systems impacted the environment of the rainforest? How does lack of technology decrease diffusion of culture and limit exposure to outside culture?

How might indigenous people offer insightful suggestions for utilizing the resources of the rainforest while protecting its integrity?

Will the 21st Century be remembered as a time when the integrity of the Earth was destroyed or preserved? Support your answer.

 

5. Memoir

A memoir is a compelling first person story which focuses on a moment in time, rather than an overview of the author’s life. It’s a snapshot of an impactful event. The elements of memoir: truth, theme, voice, point of view, and musing or reflection. Your turn! You write a memoir! First, make a list of camera-worthy moments in time. Now, choose your topic and theme, tell your truthful memory, and add your feelings, insights and epiphanies. Yes, it’s that easy.

Spoiler alert: I will not be providing the answers for the questions. If you’re a  serious adventurer, then you will discover the world on your own. Support all your answers with facts found in the book and your own research. Seek and you shall find!

 

 

You can email Elaine Donadio at author@elainedonadio.com

Next: Study Guide Schedule 2017-2018 . See you on November 2, 2017!

All rights reserved 2017.

 

Study Guide 3: Sojourn Into The Night by Elaine Donadio


Pages 38-45.

Please remember to look for creatures hidden among the leaves.

You can preview and purchase Sojourn Into The Night—A Memoir of the Peruvian Rainforest at Amazon or Barnes & Noble websites for a digital or paperback copy, or you can visit Smashwords.com for a digital copy.

These questions are based on pages 38-45.

 

1.Mosquito Borne Rainforest Illnesses

Yellow Fever

How and where is yellow fever transmitted? Symptoms? Treatment? Curable? Contagious? Morbidity and mortality rates? Which rainforest mammals are also bitten by mosquitoes? How can humans protect themselves? What other illnesses in developing countries are caused by this same mosquito?

What strategies are utilized to control the mosquito population? Define sylvatic cycle and urban cycle. What are their consequences on the human population?

In what way do infected monkeys transmit the illness to humans?

 Malaria

How and where is malaria transmitted? Symptoms? Treatment? Curable? Contagious? Morbidity and mortality rates? Precautionary measures? Which rainforest creatures are also affected?

How is malaria spreading in the United States? Why have the incidences and severity sharply  increased worldwide? Define endemic. What is airport malaria?

What changes would you recommend to launch a more successful campaign against this illness?

 

2. Insect Repellent

Define insect repellent. When should it be used? Who should use it? Which ingredients in insect repellents give the most effective protection? Give brand names of those judged as most effective.

How much time before your trip should you see a health care professional for prescriptions, shots and information? What are the rules for using insect repellent most effectively? What should you do if you have an allergic reaction?

Which behaviors reduce dangers associated with mosquitoes of the rainforest?

 

3. General Mosquito Borne Illnesses

Name additional mosquito borne illnesses. How do mosquitoes transmit illnesses? What invention of the 1880s provided an immeasurable safety device against mosquitoes to people in their homes? What protective steps and behaviors have been proven effective in combating mosquitoes in the home environment?

Make a poster listing steps to take for reducing the mosquito infestation and unwanted exposure at home. Title: Protect Yourself!

 

4. Medicinal Plants of the Peruvian Rainforest

Dragon’s Blood or Sangre de Grado is a widely used medicinal plant of the Peruvian rainforest used in Peru, Brazil, Ecuador, Dominican Republic, Mexico and the United States although it has not been approved by the American Food and Drug Administration.. How did it get its name? What are its medicinal and industrial uses?

What other medicinal treatments and cures come from the rainforest? Explain the importance of the rainforest in providing healing and restorative treatments in Western Medicine.

Shaman

Define shaman. Support the importance of the shaman to indigenous people? Explain the crucial roles shaman play in helping scientists discover the potential of plants. Where do shaman store their knowledge?

How have multinational practices threatened individual and cultural survival? What can we as individuals do to help preserve traditional knowledge, indigenous cultures and tropical ecosystems?

 

5. Become An Eco-Tourist

Get ready to become a world traveler! Plan a trip to the rainforest of Peru. Of course, you can pretend or you can actually go. It’s up to you!

* Locate Peru on a map. Bordering ocean and countries? Major sites and cities?
*Google Plan A Trip To the Peruvian Rainforest
 *Choose the length of your stay, which sites to visit
*Understand climate conditions
*Identify travel and sleeping accommodations-jungle lodges, backpacking tours, riverboat excursions, small hotels
*Determine amenities, if any
*Inquire about airline schedules, fares, luggage rules, ground transportation *Research tours, excursions, activities such as tree climbing and sport fishing *Decide on a budget and appropriate luggage such as different size suitcases, duffel bag, backpack, day trip bag
*Apply for a passport
*Check which health providers can provide malaria and yellow fever protection as well as altitude sickness aids if visiting higher elevations
*Purchase personal safety items such as flashlights; appropriate clothing for trekking such (boots, hiking shoes, sun hat,  sunglasses) ; personal protection (insect repellent, sunscreen); toiletries such as toilet paper and wipes, hand gel
*Understand payment options (cash, debit card, VISA, Master Card, NOT American Express
*Include Spanish Translation Dictionary
*Arrange for a cell phone service provider
*Obtain electrical adapters for charging electronic equipment
*Ascertain if your personal items are eco-friendly

 

State a rule for human survival in the rainforest of Peru.

 

Spoiler alert: I will not be providing the answers for the questions. If you’re a serious adventurer, then you will discover the world on your own. Support all your answers with facts found in the book and your own research. Seek and you shall find!

You can email Elaine Donadio at author@elainedonadio.com

Next: Sojourn Into The Night—A Memoir of the Peruvian Rainforest Study Guide 4. See you on October 28, 2017!

All rights reserved 2017.

 

Study Guide 2: Sojourn Into The Night by Elaine Donadio

Pages 22-37.

Please remember to look for creatures hidden among the leaves.

You can preview and purchase Sojourn Into The Night—A Memoir of the Peruvian Rainforest at Amazon or Barnes & Noble websites for a digital or paperback copy, or you can visit Smashwords.com for a digital copy.

Please be sure to find the camouflaged bullfrog, bromeliads and walking stick.

These questions are based on pp. 22-37.

1. The Amazon Biome

Define ecosystem and biome. What is their relationship? In which countries and continent is the largest tropical rainforest located? Why does Peru stand apart from the other countries? Which fruits, amphibians, birds, reptiles, fish, insects,  mammals, and trees can be found in the Peruvian rainforest?

The Amazon biome is known as the lungs of the world. Explain.

 

2. The Bullfrog

Why is the bullfrog an alien species in the rainforest? How did it get there? What is special about its skin? Explain why the bullfrog is referred to as the canary in the coal mine. What does it eat? What are its enemies?  How does the bullfrog upset the balance of nature in the rainforest?

Why is the bullfrog nocturnal? What adaptations allow the bullfrog to protect itself? Define hibernation and estivation. Why is it unlikely that the bullfrog of the Peruvian rainforest will ever have to utilize these survival techniques?

 

3. Camouflage

Define achromatic, monochromatic, and polychromatic. How do these color schemes aid in the survival of the creatures of the rainforest?

Design a diorama, painting or drawing depicting a Peruvian rainforest scene with a combination of achromatic, monochromatic, and polychromatic areas. Camouflage the appropriate creatures within your landscape or waterscape.

 

4. Walking Stick

Draw and label the body parts. Plant or insect? Does it share its classification name with other creatures? Explain. What does it eat? Enemies? What is defoliation? How might the walking stick be injurious to the health of the rainforest? Define light-gap, succession, and climax forests. How can the eating habits of the walking stick actually be beneficial to the rainforest?

Define camouflage, mimicry, crypsis, and cataleptic state. What adaptations have aided the walking stick to survive in the rainforest?

In what way has the walking stick served as a model for the engineering of robots?

 

5. Tanka Poem

Choose a creature from the rainforest of Peru. Research and list facts. Create a tanka poem using as many facts as possible. Follow the models on p. 31 Bullfrog and p. 37 Walking Stick.

Use the following guideline exactly as it appears:

Line 1 -5 syllables
Line 2 -7 syllables
Line 3 -5 syllables
Line 4 -7 syllables
Line 5 -7 syllables

 

Newspaper Article: ______ Fights Off Would-Be Attacker!

Choose Bullfrog, Katydid or Monkey. Write a newspaper article  telling about the incident. Stick to realistic facts. Answer the questions: Who? What? Why? When? Where? How? Keep it short and sweet.

 

Spoiler alert: I will not be providing the answers for the questions. If you’re a serious adventurer, then you will discover the world on your own. Support all your answers with facts found in the book and your own research. Seek and you shall find!

You can email Elaine Donadio at author@elainedonadio.com

Next: Sojourn Into The Night—A Memoir of the Peruvian Rainforest Study Guide 3. See you on October 21, 2017!

All rights reserved 2017.

 

Study Guide 5: The Ocean’s Way Poetry Companion by Elaine Donadio

Cephalopod Mollusks and Mollusks

You can preview and purchase The Ocean’s Way Poetry Companion at Amazon or Barnes & Noble websites for a digital or paperback copy, or you can visit Smashwords.com for a digital copy.

This is the last study guide for this book. You might want to purchase Sojourn Into The Night—A Memoir of the Peruvian Rainforest to be ready for our next focus book on October 7, 2017.

These questions are based on the sections entitled Cephalopod Mollusks and Mollusks.

1. Define cephalopod mollusk. Give examples. What happened to their shells? Evidence of intelligence?

Define mollusk. Give examples. What has been the impact of increased carbon dioxide levels? How might mollusks attempt to counteract this negative influence?

2. Octopus– Draw and label the body parts. What are the functions of the arms? Gills or lungs? How many hearts? Color of their blood? Why? Adaptations? Eat? Enemies? Eggs or live birth? In what way is reproduction lethal? How do they swim? Solitary or social? Where in the ocean do they live? What is the relationship between their taste and touch?

Squid– Draw and label the body parts. Where are the teeth located? Gills or lungs? Color of their blood? Why? How do they swim? Eat? Enemies? Compare/contrast the squid and octopus. Uses for squid ink? Size of the largest reported? Describe the symbiotic relationship between the squid-light organ and luminous bacteria. How might this knowledge be helpful to scientists and doctors studying ways to improve sight in humans?

3. Clam– Body parts?  Which common body parts don’t they have? What is the function of the siphon? Define filter feeder. Marine, freshwater or both? Eat? Enemies? Reproduce? How do common water contaminants negatively impact humans who eat tainted clams? What are the sources of this pollution?

4. Mussel– Body parts? Function of the foot? Function of the byssal threads  (beards)? How are these byssal threads utilized in medicine and private industry?Uses of calcium carbonate? Eat? Enemies? How is reproduction different in marine and freshwater species? How is their habit of clumping beneficial to their survival? In what ways are mussels used as bio-indicators? Why is this necessary?

5. Snail– Draw and label the parts of a snail outside of its shell. Gills or lungs? Eggs or live birth? Land, sea or freshwater? Adaptations? How do they move? Function of snail slime? How long have snails lived? Do their shells grow with them?  How are the spirals formed? Why must they consume so much calcium? Uses for their shells? What is the importance of snails in human medicine?

 

Write and perform a Readers Theater presentation. Characters: Octopus, Squid, Clam, Mussel, Snail. Theme: The Dangers To Your Habitat and Well-Being.

Readers Theater is a dramatic presentation of a written work in a script form. Readers read from a “script” and reading parts are divided among the readers. No memorization, costumes, blocking, or special lighting is needed. Presentations can easily be done in a classroom. Scripts are held by the readers who read one at a time. Often the characters who are not currently reading stand with their backs to the audience.

 

Spoiler alert: I will not be providing the answers for the questions. If you’re a serious adventurer, then you will discover the world on your own. Support all your answers with facts found in the book and the book Glossary or your own research where required. Seek and you shall find!

You can email Elaine Donadio at author@elainedonadio.com

Next: Sojourn Into The Night—A Memoir of the Peruvian Rainforest Study Guide 1. See you on October 7, 2017!

All rights reserved 2017.

 

Study Guide 4: The Ocean’s Way Poetry Companion by Elaine Donadio

Carnivorous Fish, Decapod Crustaceans

Please see my June 2, 2017 blog post for the updated study guide schedule.

You can preview and purchase The Ocean’s Way Poetry Companion at Amazon or Barnes & Noble websites for a digital or paperback copy, or you can visit Smashwords.com for a digital copy.

The following questions are based on the sections entitled Carnivorous Fish and Decapod Crustaceans.

1. Define decapod crustaceans. Give examples. Define carnivorous fish. Give examples.

Name the different types of skeletons. Give examples of each.

Define oviparous, viviparous and ovoviviparous. Give examples of each.

Define omnivorous, herbivorous and omnivorous. Give examples of each.

What is the impact of pollution, rising temperatures, ocean currents, and chemical balance on ocean life?

 

2. Rays – What is the most dangerous part of the body? Explain. Where is the mouth located? How is the body supported? Which other sea creatures share this feature? Eat? Enemies? Eggs or live birth?

Seahorse – How did it get its name? Draw a seahorse and label the body parts that resembles those of other creatures. What adaptations are used for protection? How does the ability to camouflage serve the seahorse? Size range? Eat? Enemies? What is unusual about their reproduction habits? Eggs or live birth? What is their importance in Chinese medicine? How might the demand for seahorses in medicine as well as the curio and aquariums trades lead to their extinction?

Pretend you are a seahorse. Write a diary entry sharing your fears for the safety and well-being of your offspring including the forces that endanger your species.

 

3. Shark – What is the shark’s sixth sense? Describe the life cycle and behavior. What is the term for a baby shark? Eat? Enemies? Eggs, live birth or both? What is a mermaid’s purse? Which other creatures share this feature? What is their importance in antiviral medications? How can a shark be important in combating cancer, fighting hospital staff infections, fibrosis and Alzheimer’s disease?

Starfish – Are they actually fish? Describe their adaptations. How do they reproduce? Eggs or live birth? Move? Eat? Enemies? What is unusual about their inner organs? How is their sticky liquid used in treating inflammatory human  diseases? How does the starfish contribute to the health of coral reefs?

 

4. Crab – Why are they nicknamed spiders of the sea? Create and label a diagram of the eyes of a crab. Gills, lungs or both? Cooperative or solitary? How do they reproduce? Communicate? Move? What do they eat? Enemies? What is their importance in human bone regeneration and wound healing?

Crayfish – By what other names are they known? What adaptations aid in their survival? What does a crab eat? What is unusual about how they move? Reproduce? What is the meaning of in berry? Eggs or live birth? Draw and label  the head including antennae, eyes, maxillae and mandibles. Include functions of each labeled part. Solitary or social? What is their importance in human neurodegenerative disorders?

 

5. Hermit Crab – How did it get its name? What does it eat? Gills or lungs? Enemies? Cooperative or solitary? Reproduce? Eggs or live birth? Purpose of two sets of antennae? Draw and label the abdomen of a hermit crab clasping onto the columella of a snail shell. Explain the phenomenon. What is their role in the benthic or bottom dwelling ocean community?

Lobster – What is the largest size reported? Eat? Enemies? Move? What is unusual about the way lobsters reproduce? Solitary, cooperative or both? Draw and label the body parts. Include the functions of the antennae and claws. What is their importance in the worlds of agriculture and human medicine?

 

 

Spoiler alert: I will not be providing the answers for the questions. If you’re a serious adventurer, then you will discover the world on your own. Support all your answers with facts found in the book and the book Glossary or your own research where required. Seek and you shall find!

You can email Elaine Donadio at author@elainedonadio.com

Next: The Ocean’s Way Poetry Companion Study Guide 5. See you on September 30, 2017!

All rights reserved 2017.

 

Study Guide 3: The Ocean’s Way Poetry Companion by Elaine Donadio

Marine Reptile, Chelicerata Arthropod

Please see my June 2, 2017 blog post for the updated study guide schedule.

You can preview and purchase The Ocean’s Way Poetry Companion at Amazon or Barnes & Noble websites for a digital or paperback copy, or you can visit Smashwords.com for a digital copy.

The following questions are based on the sections entitled Marine Reptile and Chelicerata Arthropod (pronounced ke-liss-er-ah-tuh  ar-throw-pod).

1. Sea Turtles- How do sea turtles differ from land turtles? Draw and label the body parts of each. How and what does the sea turtle eat? Drink? Reproduce?  Enemies? Size and weight range? How long can a sea turtle live? Trace the ancestry of the sea turtle. How does the breathing adaptation help the sea turtle in its hunt for food? Describe the female sea turtle’s behavior during egg laying season. What factor influences the gender of the babies? How are the young cared for? Why do so few hatchlings survive?

Why is it so difficult for scientists to track the behaviors and movement of the sea turtle?

What factors contributed to the sea turtle being added to the endangered species list? What steps are being taken to protect the sea turtle from extinction? What can individuals do?

Write a newspaper account about the plight of sea turtles and the dangers presented to their eggs found at the ocean shores. Answer the following questions in your account: Who? What ? Why? When? Where? How?

 

2. Horseshoe Crab– Draw and label the body parts. Add the function of each feature. The horseshoe crab is not a true crab. What characteristics, if any, does it share with crabs? To which sea creatures is it related? To which land creature is the horseshoe crab related? What does it eat? Enemies? Where does it live? What is an estuary? What is the continental shelf? What adaptations allow the horseshoe crab to live in the ocean and estuaries?

Why is the horseshoe crab called a living fossil?

Why does the horseshoe crab have blue blood? Which other creatures have blue blood? How is the horseshoe crab important to human health and recovery?

What is  a keystone species? Describe the horseshoe crab’s importance as a keystone species. What factors have negatively impacted the balance of nature in the ecosystems in which the horseshoe crab lives?

What steps have the federal and some local governments taken to increase the numbers of horseshoe crabs? How can individuals help?

 

3. Which other sea creatures are important to improving and maintaining human health? Give specific examples of each contribution.

 

4. Describe the contributions of some land animals to the world of medicine. Give specific examples.

How have plants been used to improve human and animal health? Be specific.

 

5. Based on what you have learned in this series of questions, what inferences can be made about the importance of interdependence in the balance of nature and the role it plays in the continuation of all species?

 

 

Spoiler alert: I will not be providing the answers for the questions. If you’re a serious adventurer, then you will discover the world on your own. Support all your answers with facts found in the book and the book Glossary or your own research where required. Seek and you shall find!

You can email Elaine Donadio at author@elainedonadio.com

Next: The Ocean’s Way Poetry Companion Study Guide 4. See you on September 23, 2017!

All rights reserved 2017.

 

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