Study Guide 3: Sojourn Into The Night by Elaine Donadio


Pages 38-45.

Please remember to look for creatures hidden among the leaves.

You can preview and purchase Sojourn Into The Night—A Memoir of the Peruvian Rainforest at Amazon or Barnes & Noble websites for a digital or paperback copy, or you can visit Smashwords.com for a digital copy.

These questions are based on pages 38-45.

 

1.Mosquito Borne Rainforest Illnesses

Yellow Fever

How and where is yellow fever transmitted? Symptoms? Treatment? Curable? Contagious? Morbidity and mortality rates? Which rainforest mammals are also bitten by mosquitoes? How can humans protect themselves? What other illnesses in developing countries are caused by this same mosquito?

What strategies are utilized to control the mosquito population? Define sylvatic cycle and urban cycle. What are their consequences on the human population?

In what way do infected monkeys transmit the illness to humans?

 Malaria

How and where is malaria transmitted? Symptoms? Treatment? Curable? Contagious? Morbidity and mortality rates? Precautionary measures? Which rainforest creatures are also affected?

How is malaria spreading in the United States? Why have the incidences and severity sharply  increased worldwide? Define endemic. What is airport malaria?

What changes would you recommend to launch a more successful campaign against this illness?

 

2. Insect Repellent

Define insect repellent. When should it be used? Who should use it? Which ingredients in insect repellents give the most effective protection? Give brand names of those judged as most effective.

How much time before your trip should you see a health care professional for prescriptions, shots and information? What are the rules for using insect repellent most effectively? What should you do if you have an allergic reaction?

Which behaviors reduce dangers associated with mosquitoes of the rainforest?

 

3. General Mosquito Borne Illnesses

Name additional mosquito borne illnesses. How do mosquitoes transmit illnesses? What invention of the 1880s provided an immeasurable safety device against mosquitoes to people in their homes? What protective steps and behaviors have been proven effective in combating mosquitoes in the home environment?

Make a poster listing steps to take for reducing the mosquito infestation and unwanted exposure at home. Title: Protect Yourself!

 

4. Medicinal Plants of the Peruvian Rainforest

Dragon’s Blood or Sangre de Grado is a widely used medicinal plant of the Peruvian rainforest used in Peru, Brazil, Ecuador, Dominican Republic, Mexico and the United States although it has not been approved by the American Food and Drug Administration.. How did it get its name? What are its medicinal and industrial uses?

What other medicinal treatments and cures come from the rainforest? Explain the importance of the rainforest in providing healing and restorative treatments in Western Medicine.

Shaman

Define shaman. Support the importance of the shaman to indigenous people? Explain the crucial roles shaman play in helping scientists discover the potential of plants. Where do shaman store their knowledge?

How have multinational practices threatened individual and cultural survival? What can we as individuals do to help preserve traditional knowledge, indigenous cultures and tropical ecosystems?

 

5. Become An Eco-Tourist

Get ready to become a world traveler! Plan a trip to the rainforest of Peru. Of course, you can pretend or you can actually go. It’s up to you!

* Locate Peru on a map. Bordering ocean and countries? Major sites and cities?
*Google Plan A Trip To the Peruvian Rainforest
 *Choose the length of your stay, which sites to visit
*Understand climate conditions
*Identify travel and sleeping accommodations-jungle lodges, backpacking tours, riverboat excursions, small hotels
*Determine amenities, if any
*Inquire about airline schedules, fares, luggage rules, ground transportation *Research tours, excursions, activities such as tree climbing and sport fishing *Decide on a budget and appropriate luggage such as different size suitcases, duffel bag, backpack, day trip bag
*Apply for a passport
*Check which health providers can provide malaria and yellow fever protection as well as altitude sickness aids if visiting higher elevations
*Purchase personal safety items such as flashlights; appropriate clothing for trekking such (boots, hiking shoes, sun hat,  sunglasses) ; personal protection (insect repellent, sunscreen); toiletries such as toilet paper and wipes, hand gel
*Understand payment options (cash, debit card, VISA, Master Card, NOT American Express
*Include Spanish Translation Dictionary
*Arrange for a cell phone service provider
*Obtain electrical adapters for charging electronic equipment
*Ascertain if your personal items are eco-friendly

 

State a rule for human survival in the rainforest of Peru.

 

Spoiler alert: I will not be providing the answers for the questions. If you’re a serious adventurer, then you will discover the world on your own. Support all your answers with facts found in the book and your own research. Seek and you shall find!

You can email Elaine Donadio at author@elainedonadio.com

Next: Sojourn Into The Night—A Memoir of the Peruvian Rainforest Study Guide 4. See you on October 28, 2017!

All rights reserved 2017.

 

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Study Guide 2: Sojourn Into The Night by Elaine Donadio

Pages 22-37.

Please remember to look for creatures hidden among the leaves.

You can preview and purchase Sojourn Into The Night—A Memoir of the Peruvian Rainforest at Amazon or Barnes & Noble websites for a digital or paperback copy, or you can visit Smashwords.com for a digital copy.

Please be sure to find the camouflaged bullfrog, bromeliads and walking stick.

These questions are based on pp. 22-37.

1. The Amazon Biome

Define ecosystem and biome. What is their relationship? In which countries and continent is the largest tropical rainforest located? Why does Peru stand apart from the other countries? Which fruits, amphibians, birds, reptiles, fish, insects,  mammals, and trees can be found in the Peruvian rainforest?

The Amazon biome is known as the lungs of the world. Explain.

 

2. The Bullfrog

Why is the bullfrog an alien species in the rainforest? How did it get there? What is special about its skin? Explain why the bullfrog is referred to as the canary in the coal mine. What does it eat? What are its enemies?  How does the bullfrog upset the balance of nature in the rainforest?

Why is the bullfrog nocturnal? What adaptations allow the bullfrog to protect itself? Define hibernation and estivation. Why is it unlikely that the bullfrog of the Peruvian rainforest will ever have to utilize these survival techniques?

 

3. Camouflage

Define achromatic, monochromatic, and polychromatic. How do these color schemes aid in the survival of the creatures of the rainforest?

Design a diorama, painting or drawing depicting a Peruvian rainforest scene with a combination of achromatic, monochromatic, and polychromatic areas. Camouflage the appropriate creatures within your landscape or waterscape.

 

4. Walking Stick

Draw and label the body parts. Plant or insect? Does it share its classification name with other creatures? Explain. What does it eat? Enemies? What is defoliation? How might the walking stick be injurious to the health of the rainforest? Define light-gap, succession, and climax forests. How can the eating habits of the walking stick actually be beneficial to the rainforest?

Define camouflage, mimicry, crypsis, and cataleptic state. What adaptations have aided the walking stick to survive in the rainforest?

In what way has the walking stick served as a model for the engineering of robots?

 

5. Tanka Poem

Choose a creature from the rainforest of Peru. Research and list facts. Create a tanka poem using as many facts as possible. Follow the models on p. 31 Bullfrog and p. 37 Walking Stick.

Use the following guideline exactly as it appears:

Line 1 -5 syllables
Line 2 -7 syllables
Line 3 -5 syllables
Line 4 -7 syllables
Line 5 -7 syllables

 

Newspaper Article: ______ Fights Off Would-Be Attacker!

Choose Bullfrog, Katydid or Monkey. Write a newspaper article  telling about the incident. Stick to realistic facts. Answer the questions: Who? What? Why? When? Where? How? Keep it short and sweet.

 

Spoiler alert: I will not be providing the answers for the questions. If you’re a serious adventurer, then you will discover the world on your own. Support all your answers with facts found in the book and your own research. Seek and you shall find!

You can email Elaine Donadio at author@elainedonadio.com

Next: Sojourn Into The Night—A Memoir of the Peruvian Rainforest Study Guide 3. See you on October 21, 2017!

All rights reserved 2017.

 

Study Guide 5: The Ocean’s Way Poetry Companion by Elaine Donadio

Cephalopod Mollusks and Mollusks

You can preview and purchase The Ocean’s Way Poetry Companion at Amazon or Barnes & Noble websites for a digital or paperback copy, or you can visit Smashwords.com for a digital copy.

This is the last study guide for this book. You might want to purchase Sojourn Into The Night—A Memoir of the Peruvian Rainforest to be ready for our next focus book on October 7, 2017.

These questions are based on the sections entitled Cephalopod Mollusks and Mollusks.

1. Define cephalopod mollusk. Give examples. What happened to their shells? Evidence of intelligence?

Define mollusk. Give examples. What has been the impact of increased carbon dioxide levels? How might mollusks attempt to counteract this negative influence?

2. Octopus– Draw and label the body parts. What are the functions of the arms? Gills or lungs? How many hearts? Color of their blood? Why? Adaptations? Eat? Enemies? Eggs or live birth? In what way is reproduction lethal? How do they swim? Solitary or social? Where in the ocean do they live? What is the relationship between their taste and touch?

Squid– Draw and label the body parts. Where are the teeth located? Gills or lungs? Color of their blood? Why? How do they swim? Eat? Enemies? Compare/contrast the squid and octopus. Uses for squid ink? Size of the largest reported? Describe the symbiotic relationship between the squid-light organ and luminous bacteria. How might this knowledge be helpful to scientists and doctors studying ways to improve sight in humans?

3. Clam– Body parts?  Which common body parts don’t they have? What is the function of the siphon? Define filter feeder. Marine, freshwater or both? Eat? Enemies? Reproduce? How do common water contaminants negatively impact humans who eat tainted clams? What are the sources of this pollution?

4. Mussel– Body parts? Function of the foot? Function of the byssal threads  (beards)? How are these byssal threads utilized in medicine and private industry?Uses of calcium carbonate? Eat? Enemies? How is reproduction different in marine and freshwater species? How is their habit of clumping beneficial to their survival? In what ways are mussels used as bio-indicators? Why is this necessary?

5. Snail– Draw and label the parts of a snail outside of its shell. Gills or lungs? Eggs or live birth? Land, sea or freshwater? Adaptations? How do they move? Function of snail slime? How long have snails lived? Do their shells grow with them?  How are the spirals formed? Why must they consume so much calcium? Uses for their shells? What is the importance of snails in human medicine?

 

Write and perform a Readers Theater presentation. Characters: Octopus, Squid, Clam, Mussel, Snail. Theme: The Dangers To Your Habitat and Well-Being.

Readers Theater is a dramatic presentation of a written work in a script form. Readers read from a “script” and reading parts are divided among the readers. No memorization, costumes, blocking, or special lighting is needed. Presentations can easily be done in a classroom. Scripts are held by the readers who read one at a time. Often the characters who are not currently reading stand with their backs to the audience.

 

Spoiler alert: I will not be providing the answers for the questions. If you’re a serious adventurer, then you will discover the world on your own. Support all your answers with facts found in the book and the book Glossary or your own research where required. Seek and you shall find!

You can email Elaine Donadio at author@elainedonadio.com

Next: Sojourn Into The Night—A Memoir of the Peruvian Rainforest Study Guide 1. See you on October 7, 2017!

All rights reserved 2017.

 

Study Guide 4: The Ocean’s Way Poetry Companion by Elaine Donadio

Carnivorous Fish, Decapod Crustaceans

Please see my June 2, 2017 blog post for the updated study guide schedule.

You can preview and purchase The Ocean’s Way Poetry Companion at Amazon or Barnes & Noble websites for a digital or paperback copy, or you can visit Smashwords.com for a digital copy.

The following questions are based on the sections entitled Carnivorous Fish and Decapod Crustaceans.

1. Define decapod crustaceans. Give examples. Define carnivorous fish. Give examples.

Name the different types of skeletons. Give examples of each.

Define oviparous, viviparous and ovoviviparous. Give examples of each.

Define omnivorous, herbivorous and omnivorous. Give examples of each.

What is the impact of pollution, rising temperatures, ocean currents, and chemical balance on ocean life?

 

2. Rays – What is the most dangerous part of the body? Explain. Where is the mouth located? How is the body supported? Which other sea creatures share this feature? Eat? Enemies? Eggs or live birth?

Seahorse – How did it get its name? Draw a seahorse and label the body parts that resembles those of other creatures. What adaptations are used for protection? How does the ability to camouflage serve the seahorse? Size range? Eat? Enemies? What is unusual about their reproduction habits? Eggs or live birth? What is their importance in Chinese medicine? How might the demand for seahorses in medicine as well as the curio and aquariums trades lead to their extinction?

Pretend you are a seahorse. Write a diary entry sharing your fears for the safety and well-being of your offspring including the forces that endanger your species.

 

3. Shark – What is the shark’s sixth sense? Describe the life cycle and behavior. What is the term for a baby shark? Eat? Enemies? Eggs, live birth or both? What is a mermaid’s purse? Which other creatures share this feature? What is their importance in antiviral medications? How can a shark be important in combating cancer, fighting hospital staff infections, fibrosis and Alzheimer’s disease?

Starfish – Are they actually fish? Describe their adaptations. How do they reproduce? Eggs or live birth? Move? Eat? Enemies? What is unusual about their inner organs? How is their sticky liquid used in treating inflammatory human  diseases? How does the starfish contribute to the health of coral reefs?

 

4. Crab – Why are they nicknamed spiders of the sea? Create and label a diagram of the eyes of a crab. Gills, lungs or both? Cooperative or solitary? How do they reproduce? Communicate? Move? What do they eat? Enemies? What is their importance in human bone regeneration and wound healing?

Crayfish – By what other names are they known? What adaptations aid in their survival? What does a crab eat? What is unusual about how they move? Reproduce? What is the meaning of in berry? Eggs or live birth? Draw and label  the head including antennae, eyes, maxillae and mandibles. Include functions of each labeled part. Solitary or social? What is their importance in human neurodegenerative disorders?

 

5. Hermit Crab – How did it get its name? What does it eat? Gills or lungs? Enemies? Cooperative or solitary? Reproduce? Eggs or live birth? Purpose of two sets of antennae? Draw and label the abdomen of a hermit crab clasping onto the columella of a snail shell. Explain the phenomenon. What is their role in the benthic or bottom dwelling ocean community?

Lobster – What is the largest size reported? Eat? Enemies? Move? What is unusual about the way lobsters reproduce? Solitary, cooperative or both? Draw and label the body parts. Include the functions of the antennae and claws. What is their importance in the worlds of agriculture and human medicine?

 

 

Spoiler alert: I will not be providing the answers for the questions. If you’re a serious adventurer, then you will discover the world on your own. Support all your answers with facts found in the book and the book Glossary or your own research where required. Seek and you shall find!

You can email Elaine Donadio at author@elainedonadio.com

Next: The Ocean’s Way Poetry Companion Study Guide 5. See you on September 30, 2017!

All rights reserved 2017.

 

Study Guide 3: The Ocean’s Way Poetry Companion by Elaine Donadio

Marine Reptile, Chelicerata Arthropod

Please see my June 2, 2017 blog post for the updated study guide schedule.

You can preview and purchase The Ocean’s Way Poetry Companion at Amazon or Barnes & Noble websites for a digital or paperback copy, or you can visit Smashwords.com for a digital copy.

The following questions are based on the sections entitled Marine Reptile and Chelicerata Arthropod (pronounced ke-liss-er-ah-tuh  ar-throw-pod).

1. Sea Turtles- How do sea turtles differ from land turtles? Draw and label the body parts of each. How and what does the sea turtle eat? Drink? Reproduce?  Enemies? Size and weight range? How long can a sea turtle live? Trace the ancestry of the sea turtle. How does the breathing adaptation help the sea turtle in its hunt for food? Describe the female sea turtle’s behavior during egg laying season. What factor influences the gender of the babies? How are the young cared for? Why do so few hatchlings survive?

Why is it so difficult for scientists to track the behaviors and movement of the sea turtle?

What factors contributed to the sea turtle being added to the endangered species list? What steps are being taken to protect the sea turtle from extinction? What can individuals do?

Write a newspaper account about the plight of sea turtles and the dangers presented to their eggs found at the ocean shores. Answer the following questions in your account: Who? What ? Why? When? Where? How?

 

2. Horseshoe Crab– Draw and label the body parts. Add the function of each feature. The horseshoe crab is not a true crab. What characteristics, if any, does it share with crabs? To which sea creatures is it related? To which land creature is the horseshoe crab related? What does it eat? Enemies? Where does it live? What is an estuary? What is the continental shelf? What adaptations allow the horseshoe crab to live in the ocean and estuaries?

Why is the horseshoe crab called a living fossil?

Why does the horseshoe crab have blue blood? Which other creatures have blue blood? How is the horseshoe crab important to human health and recovery?

What is  a keystone species? Describe the horseshoe crab’s importance as a keystone species. What factors have negatively impacted the balance of nature in the ecosystems in which the horseshoe crab lives?

What steps have the federal and some local governments taken to increase the numbers of horseshoe crabs? How can individuals help?

 

3. Which other sea creatures are important to improving and maintaining human health? Give specific examples of each contribution.

 

4. Describe the contributions of some land animals to the world of medicine. Give specific examples.

How have plants been used to improve human and animal health? Be specific.

 

5. Based on what you have learned in this series of questions, what inferences can be made about the importance of interdependence in the balance of nature and the role it plays in the continuation of all species?

 

 

Spoiler alert: I will not be providing the answers for the questions. If you’re a serious adventurer, then you will discover the world on your own. Support all your answers with facts found in the book and the book Glossary or your own research where required. Seek and you shall find!

You can email Elaine Donadio at author@elainedonadio.com

Next: The Ocean’s Way Poetry Companion Study Guide 4. See you on September 23, 2017!

All rights reserved 2017.

 

Study Guide 2: The Ocean’s Way Poetry Companion by Elaine Donadio

Marine Birds, Marine Animals-Cnidaria

Please see my June 2, 2017 blog post for the updated study guide schedule.

You can preview and purchase The Ocean’s Way Poetry Companion at Amazon or Barnes & Noble websites for a digital or paperback copy, or you can visit Smashwords.com for a digital copy.

The following questions are based on the sections entitled Marine Birds and Marine AnimalsCnidaria. (Cnidaria is pronounced nigh-dare-ee-uh.)

 

1. Adaptations– Define the term adaptations as it applies to seabirds. Which adaptations allow the albatross, gull, and penguin to successfully live and reproduce in their environments?

2. Albatross– What is the life cycle? How does it eat? Drink? Parent its offspring? What is the range of the wingspan? How does dynamic soaring aid the albatross in its trans-oceanic flights? What is photosynthesis? What is phytoplankton? Explain the relationship between photosynthesis and phytoplankton. Why is phytoplankton so important to the albatross and other living things? What forces could negatively impact the production of phytoplankton?

3. Gull– What do gulls eat and drink? How does a gull reproduce? What factors could negatively impact their reproductive cycles? What factors will attract gulls to land and landfills? What is the difference between a food chain and a food web? Develop a model to represent the gull’s place in the food chain and a food web. Identify cooperative and competitive aspects in the life of a gull. Explain the roles of producer and consumer as it relates to energy transfer. Give examples.

4. Penguin– Recount the ways in which penguins are different from other birds. Explain the contradiction between the ability to fly and the ability to live successfully in a harsh climate.  What does the penguin eat? How do they eat and drink? Reproduce? Care for their young? Which other creatures live in the same ecosystem as the Emperor penguin? Design a chart to show the Emperor penguin’s place in the food web. What do we learn about the Emperor penguin from studying their child rearing habits? Why do you think the Emperor penguin lives cooperatively? Give examples. In what ways does climate change impact the Emperor penguin?

5. Jellies– Jellies do not have a brain or a heart and they are NOT fish. How does this impact their lives? When do jellies sting?  Which substances are found in the body of a jelly? Create a diagram and label the body parts of a jelly. How does a jelly eat? Move? Protect itself? Transform energy? Name the natural enemies. How have jellies remained immune to the negative effects of climate change, pollution and human interference? Predict the outcome of this phenomenon on the oceans of the future. Why are jellies important to the ecosystem?

Sea Anemone– How is the sea anemone different from other Anthozoa? Is the sea anemone plant or animal? Explain. Name the body parts. About how many species exist? How does a sea anemone kill its prey? Reproduce? What adaptations allow for camouflage and protection? What is a symbiotic relationship? Define the term mutualism as it pertains to symbiotic relationships. Describe the mutually beneficial relationship between some sea anemones and clownfish. Describe the mutually beneficial relationship between some sea anemones and green algae. How is the sea anemone affected by climate change?

Create and answer at least five interview questions to ask a sea anemone and a clownfish about their relationship.

 

Spoiler alert: I will not be providing the answers for the questions. If you’re a serious adventurer, then you will discover the world on your own. Support all your answers with facts found in the book and the book Glossary or your own research where required. Seek and you shall find!

You can email Elaine Donadio at author@elainedonadio.com

Next: The Ocean’s Way Poetry Companion Study Guide 3. See you on September 16, 2017!

All rights reserved 2017.

 

Study Guide 1: The Ocean’s Way Poetry Companion by Elaine Donadio

The Beach, Marine Mammals

Please see my June 2, 2017 blog post for the updated study guide schedule.

You can preview and purchase The Ocean’s Way Poetry Companion at Amazon or Barnes & Noble websites for a digital or paperback copy, or you can visit Smashwords.com for a digital copy.

Holly from The Ocean’s Way is very happy to have her poem, The Ocean’s Way included at the beginning of this book. The following questions are based on the sections entitled The Beach and Marine Mammals.

 

1. Coral Reefs– List five facts about coral reefs. How are coral reefs formed? What is the symbiotic relationship between corals and algae? What happens to corals as the water temperatures rise? Why are coral reefs important? Where in the world can coral reefs be found? What causes coral reefs to appear in cold water locations? Why are corals important in the world of human medicine?

 

2. Sea Shells– What role does a shell play in the life of a sea creature? How are sea shells formed? What is the value of nature recycling its sea shells?

 

3. Wave, Tsunami, Tide– Contrast the formation of waves, tsunamis and tides.How does the formation of a tsunami add to its inherently destructive nature? Describe the tsunami that originated in the Indian Ocean in 2004. How do tsunamis affect society, the economy and the environment? What changes would you make to present day tsunami early warning systems? What limitations do you perceive in these systems? In your opinion, to what extent are deaths from tsunamis preventable?

 

4. Dolphin, Killer Whale, Pilot Whale, Whale– Make a chart to compare/contrast the following: Eat? Drink? Breathe? Communicate? Navigate? Reproduce? Care for their young? Speed? Length and weight range at maturity? Diseases? Enemies? Dangers? Interaction with humans? Evidence of intelligence?

Compare/contrast dolphins with porpoises. Include appearance, habits and communication.

The killer whale or orca is an apex predator. What are some other examples of apex predators? What would happen if the apex predators were to be destroyed?

Explain why pilot whales are grouped with dolphins. What is it about their behavior that may lead to their ultimate destruction?

What is the largest animal to have lived on earth? Explain the uses of ambergris. Why is it so valuable?

5. Manatees– In what ways are manatees similar to humans? Why are they so vulnerable in the US? What steps has the state of Florida taken to protect manatees?

Polar Bears– How are polar bears negatively impacted by climate changes and increased human activity?

Sea Lions & Seals– Compare and contrast sea lions and seals. Which would you rather be? Why?

Sea Otters & Walruses– Sea otters and walruses are examples of keystone species. What is a keystone species? What would the effect on the environment be if the sea otter and walrus were to become extinct? What other keystone species are essential to their ecosystems?

If you were to create a habitat for the creatures mentioned in The Beach and Marine Mammals, which creatures would you group together? Why? What generalizations can you make about what is necessary to keep nature in balance? Depict your response with a drawing or painting of the grouped creatures in their habitats.

In what ways does the shipping industry negatively impact the marine environment? What is the impact of overfishing on the world oceans? What suggestions does the World Wildlife Fund make to counteract this phenomenon? What steps can governments and individuals take to encourage marine conservation? In what ways can tourism positively and negatively impact marine ecosystems?

 

Spoiler alert: I will not be providing the answers for the questions. If you’re a serious adventurer, then you will discover the world on your own. Support all your answers with facts found in the book or the book Glossary or your own research where required. Seek and you shall find!

You can email Elaine Donadio at author@elainedonadio.com

Next: The Ocean’s Way Poetry Companion Study Guide 2. See you on September 9, 2017!

All rights reserved 2017.

 

Study Guide 5: Who Do Voodoo? by Elaine Donadio

Chapters 26-31.

Please see my June 2, 2017 blog post for the updated study guide schedule.

You can preview and purchase Who Do Voodoo? at Amazon or Barnes & Noble websites for a digital or paperback copy, or you can visit Smashwords.com for a digital copy.

You might want to purchase a copy of The Ocean’s Way Poetry Companion to be ready for our next focus book on September 2, 2017.

 

Phil pulls his best friend Nestor into a real mess. His desire to play the role of hero endangers all involved. It’s touch and go for a while, with the future looking bleak. The force for good arrives just in time to save the group from a questionable fate. Phil avows that he has learned his lesson, but has he really?

 

These questions are based on Chapters 26-31.

 

1. Propose an alternative ending. Go as far back in the story as necessary to prepare a reader for the new ending. Use dialogue and narrative.

2. Elements of Mystery

Characters     – the detective, the culprit, and minor
characters who provide clues
Suspects         – the characters who are possibly  guilty
Setting             – a place that lends itself to a feeling of
uneasiness and concern
Problem         – a crime or puzzle is presented
Plot                   – the clear beginning, middle, and end of the story; clues and false clues (distractions) are presented
Distractions  – lead the detective away from the truth; also called red herrings
Suspense        – events that make the reader worry about the main character(s)
Solution          – all necessary clues must be included in the story so the detective   and the reader can participate in a satisfactory unriddling

 

 Analyze and apply the elements of mystery with details found in the book. See how the story follows the genre requirements. Be sure to re-write the list of elements and assign specific events from the story next to the element that it exemplifies.

 

3. Now, create your own mystery story. First, make a story outline by using the elements of mystery as listed in Question 2 and fill in your own ideas. Write at least 500 words. Be sure to use dialogue and narrative.

 

4. You can imagine Phil’s parents’ reactions to hearing the story of their son’s imprisonment at the hands of such unscrupulous people. Create a dialogue between Phil and his mother after Phil returns to New York City.

Phil:
Ms. Williams:
Phil:
Ms. Williams:
Phil:
Ms. Williams

Now keep the conversation going.

 

5. Let’s take a good look at the story. Which characters are essential to the plot? Why? Think of two characters whose presence does not change the story in any way. What roles do these characters play in the story?

Take a look at Phil’s poem about New Orleans found in the last pages of Chapter 31. Use another modality to express Phil’s perceptions of this beloved city. Compose a song, draw a picture, design an outfit, construct a model or write a play to capture Phil’s memories  of his experience.

True or false? If Phil were to be in the same set of circumstances in the future, he would act exactly the same as he does in the story. Support your answer.

 

Spoiler alert: I will not be providing the answers for the questions. If you’re a serious adventurer, then you will discover the world on your own. Support all your answers with facts found in the book or your own research where required. Seek and you shall find!

You can email Elaine Donadio at author@elainedonadio.com

Next: The Ocean’s Way Poetry Companion Study Guide 1. See you on September 2, 2017!

All rights reserved 2017.

 

Study Guide 4: Who Do Voodoo? by Elaine Donadio

Chapters 21-25.

Please see my June 2, 2017 blog post for the updated study guide schedule.

You can preview and purchase Who Do Voodoo? at Amazon or Barnes & Noble websites for a digital or paperback copy, or you can visit Smashwords.com for a digital copy.

 

Phil has discovered the hidden staircase to the basement. Nestor reluctantly follows Phil’s lead. Phil’s happiness in discovering his imprisoned family members is cut short by the arrival of the family of imposters. They demonstrate that they mean business causing Phil’s attitude to change from bravado to fear and regret.

 

These questions are based on Chapters 21-25.

1. Phil has found the secret passageway to the basement. Phil is acting brave and confident. Nestor goes along, but expresses doubts about their safety. Build a case for Phil’s bold actions, and Nestor’s misgivings. Use facts from the story.

What was The Underground Railroad? List each state in the route. In which states would runaway slaves and conductors most likely and least likely find help? Why? Evaluate the success of this escape system. What influence did Harriet Tubman have on the lives of slaves and on the success of the North during the American Civil War? Pretend you are Harriet Tubman. Send a secret coded message to a loyal contact in the South, describing your latest success in sequestering a slave family on their journey from New Orleans to Ohio.

 

2. What surprises you about the actions  and behaviors of the family of imposters—Mabel, Sam and Angel? Track their behavior from the beginning to this point in the story.

3. In Chapter 23, Phil and Nestor find Aunt Delphine, Uncle Antoine, and Belle being held prisoners. This chapter does not have a happy ending. Re-write this chapter with an optimistic, but realistic conclusion.

4. In what ways are Aunt Delphine and Uncle Antoine different from the people who are impersonating them? What do their speech patterns and word choices tell us about them?

5. Use your imagination, but be realistic. Predict what might happen next in the story. Who are the characters who might miraculously appear in the nick of time to save the group from a very sad ending? What role might each of them play in the rescue?

 

Spoiler alert: I will not be providing the answers for the questions. If you’re a serious adventurer, then you will discover the world on your own. Support all your answers with facts found in the book or your own research where required. Seek and you shall find!

You can email Elaine Donadio at author@elainedonadio.com.

Next: Who Do Voodoo? Study Guide 5. See you on August 26, 2017!

All rights reserved 2017.

 

Study Guide 3: Who Do Voodoo? by Elaine Donadio

Chapters 14-20.

Please see my June 2, 2017 blog post for the updated study guide schedule.

You can preview and purchase Who Do Voodoo? at Amazon or Barnes & Noble websites for a digital or paperback copy, or you can visit Smashwords.com for a digital copy.

 

Phil and Nestor visit Barataria Bay, a historical stronghold of famous pirates. Phil is inspired by this visit, and begins to devise a plan of action. Colette offers invaluable help. Phil’s investigation leads him to what he believes is the underlying motive behind the hoax that is being perpetrated. The puzzle pieces are coming together.

These questions are based on Chapters 14-20.

1. Explain the difference between a swamp and a bayou. Define wetlands, and give examples with definitions. What important roles do cypress and tupelo gum trees play in maintaining the wetlands ecosystem? What is an ecosystem?

Where does chewing gum come from, anyway? (Hint: not the store)

Why are wetlands important? How would the destruction of the wetlands affect the environment? Which creatures are capable of destroying the balance of nature in the wetlands of Louisiana? Explain.

In what ways does urban expansion impact wetlands and coastal regions?

 

2. Barataria Bay is an area rich in natural resources. Why would unscrupulous people have a special interest in acquiring rights in this location?

In many respects, Pirates Jean and Pierre Lafitte were shrewd businessmen, despite their mostly illegal practices. In what ways did they demonstrate their strategic thinking? Use details from the story and your own research to support your answer.

Phil envisions an action plan based on his findings about Jean and Pierre Lafitte’s tactical maneuvering. Predict some different ways Phil might implement the pirates’ behavior into a plan of his own.

The War of 1812—Which groups were involved in the conflict? Causes? Effects? Famous generals? Four men who later became US presidents? Why was the Battle of New Orleans fought after the peace treaty was being discussed? Britain and America both claim to have won the conflict known in America as the War of 1812. Defend or refute the claims of one of the sides of the conflict.

 

3. What is your opinion of Colette’s plan for the boys? What do you foresee going wrong?

What qualities are necessary to be a good detective? How do Colette, Phil, and Nestor measure up to this standard?

In your opinion, is the police officer’s presence at Daisy Dukes a coincidence or part of a plan? Support your answer.

Defend or refute Phil’s decision not to involve any adults in his investigation. Support your answer.

 

4. What is fracking? How is it harmful to the environment? What obstacles would opponents of fracking have to overcome in order to prevent corporations from overtaking land for their own purposes?

 

5. Jennifer, the waitress, appears as a hovering presence during Phil and Nestor’s visits to Daisy Dukes. What might her role in the story be? Is she a force for good, or for evil? Support your answer.

 

Spoiler alert: I will not be providing the answers for the questions. If you’re a serious adventurer, then you will discover the world on your own. Support all your answers with facts found in the book or your own research where required. Seek and you shall find!

You can email Elaine Donadio at author@elainedonadio.com

Next: Who Do Voodoo? Study Guide 4. See you on August 19, 2017!

All rights reserved 2017.

 

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