Book Review: Educated: A Memoir by Tara Westover

Book Review: Educated : A Memoir by Tara Westover (2018) 5 Stars *****

Told from a heart broken by wretched memories, the story begins with seven year old Tara and takes us through adulthood. Born and raised in the remote mountains of Idaho in an extreme Mormon fundamentalist/survivalist family, Tara learns to hate herself as she and her family wait for the End of Days. Even after all of her successes, it takes her many years until she can accept herself as deserving of the opportunities and accomplishments afforded her. Carrying emotional and physical scars throughout her life, we see once again that when a child is abused by a loved one, they do not grow up to hate that person, they grown up to hate themselves. The truth is: We never truly escape our upbringing, no matter how far or how fast we run.

The family does not believe in birth certificates, hospitals, doctors, insurance, public education, western medicines, supermarkets, cleaning, organizing, or questioning patriarchal authority. The children are primarily home-schooled to a point, but the education stops before they are reading, writing and doing basic math problems at a level of literacy. Tara is seventeen years old until she attends a school full time. The siblings are divided in their desire to be educated. Three of them, including Tara, desire higher education and life’s work outside of their parents’ closed world. Tara’s father is more accepting of this decision for his sons, but believes Tara’s aspirations are the work of the devil and an abomination against the Mormon religion. Tara is called a whore by her father whenever she expresses a desire to attend school. He does not understand or accept her desire for more than marriage and motherhood.

Tara and her six siblings are expected to work in the family businesses. Living under the thumb and in the shadow of their father’s junkyard/scrap metal and gasoline siphoning businesses occupies their existence. The main problem with Tara’s father? He is bi-polar and unconcerned about the unsafe conditions under which he forces even his young children to work. He refuses to allow protective helmets, heavy gloves, proven-safe equipment, or methodical procedures. He forces them to work with flammables as he unconcernedly uses acetylene torches and other igniters nearby. He even forces ten year old Tara to ride on top of a pile of junk as he dumps it and Tara into a container, impaling her leg with a metal spike. As a result, his children suffer broken bones, burned bodies, brain damage, scarred and disfigured faces and body parts, and loss of limbs and fingers. Name calling destroys self-esteem. Threats of physical violence, not only from Tara’s father but also from one of her bi-polar further brain- damaged- from- accidents brothers, destroys aspirations.

Tara’s father’s stubborn decisions resulted in two serious car accidents while returning to Idaho from a family visit to Arizona. He decided twice to make the long journey by driving through the night. Tara’s father forced one of his sons to drive despite protestations of fatigue. Tara’s mother was seriously brain damaged during this first accident. Even after the tragic events of this first time decision, Tara’s father demanded the same departure from their second trip even though they would be driving into dangerous white-out blizzard conditions. Their car went off the road and the family received serious injuries once again. His reaction? Not his fault. Not a bad decision at all. Things happen.

The main problem with Tara’s mother? Tara’s mother is a celebrated mid-wife and herbalist/healer which serves to bring in most of the family income. Self-centered. No backbone. Untrustworthy. Manipulative. Although she sees the cruel exploitation her husband imposes on her children, she does little to stop him. To add insult to injury, she has a different story for each person she speaks with. She promises her children to back them up, then recants and plays a bait and switch and presents the opposite of the truth to extended family members. She backs up her husband, no matter what.

Somehow, Tara works her way to success by part-time jobs, independent study, self-teaching, attending classes and schools of higher education. Tara receives a lot of help from college professors—guidance, advice, scholarships, grants, and other financial aid, opportunities to study abroad and eventually is graduated from Cambridge in England as a brilliant scholar, and goes on to Harvard for a PH.D. Tara also has an exceptionally beautiful singing voice which she recognizes as a gift. You would think a highly acclaimed scholar with an angelic singing voice would be able to shed her past for a sense of pride. and happiness. But, no. On paper, Tara notes her accomplishments and talents, but this intellectual assessment never makes it to her heart.

Tara is a loner and does not make friends easily. She is unsophisticated in social graces. She wears black pants and a black blouse at a black tie dinner at Cambridge, having no idea how a woman should dress for such an occasion. For many years, she bathed once or twice a week, never using soap. She became a pariah for openly not washing her hands after using the restroom. She never cleaned up after herself, threw out rotted food, washed her dishes, wore anything other than men’s oversized jeans and shirts. She smelled bad. Her home smelled bad. Although Tara knew she did not fit in, she hardly asked for guidance and persisted in being herself, believing that it was her prerogative.

Despite the emotional pain and physical threats she endures during her visits, Tara continues to visit her family periodically, attending funerals and family holiday dinners. Her parents sometimes visit her at school but it always ends badly. She often gives up hope and vacillates between achieving her goals and giving in to her father’s demands of mediocrity and conformity within his extreme belief system. Eventually, Tara walks away and does not look back until she has achieved her highest honors. The price she pays is high. She gains herself but loses her family. In time, Tara reconnects with her two education-minded brothers and an aunt. Her parents have spread the rumor that Tara is demonically possessed and that they fear for their safety. Many of the relatives accept this, so she is permanently ostracized from that group.

This is an amazing story. Hard to imagine that someone in this situation can accomplish so much. It demonstrates how outside help from powerful, well-placed people can turn a person’s life around and put them on a path to success and accomplishment. The sad thing is that Tara tells her story as a robot, lacking emotional connection to her diary entries. It reads like a newspaper account, devoid of feelings. The words are there, but the pain is buried so deep, that Tara must disassociate herself from the events. Although Tara is aware of her amazing accomplishments, she is not happy inside. The book ends as it begins with facts, not feelings. What of Tara’s personal life? It would seem she does not have one.

What was the result of Tara’s education? She now knows that discovery and knowledge do not lead to brainwashing. It’s possible to read and learn, then analyze and dismiss. Exposure does not mean acceptance. This is something Tara wishes her father could accept.

 

Please let me know your thoughts. I’d love to hear from you. You can email me at

I wish you all a life inspired by the wonder of the world around us. May you find and live your truth, in harmony with people, nature and the environment. May you be a force for good and a source of love and comfort. May the world be a better place for you having lived and loved here.

All rights reserved 2020

Please Join Me! April 29 Authors Fair-Port Washington Library, LI, NY

Please join me!
Sunday, April 29, 2018  

2:00-4:30pm

Port Washington Public Library  
1 Library Drive  Port Washington, NY
Lapham Meeting Room
516-883-4400

        Meet local self-published authors and learn about their latest works. Books will be available for purchase.

My Book Titles

The Science Project
The Ocean’s Way
Who Do Voodoo?
The Ocean’s Way Poetry Companion
Sojourn Into The Night—A Memoir of the Peruvian Rainforest

Questions? Visit elainedonadio.com or email me at author@elainedonadio.com.

I wish you all a life inspired by the wonder of the world around us. May you find and live your truth, in harmony with people, nature and the environment. May you be a force for good and a source of love and comfort. May the world be a better place for you having lived and loved here.

All rights reserved 2018

 

 

Literacy Scores Down? I Can Help

Welcome to my blog!

Literacy scores down? I can help. ElaineDonadio.com is an invaluable resource.

Need ideas for using my middle grade books? Please click here to visit my website/blog for lesson ideas and study guides. Tie-ins with science, social studies, and literacy.

*Whole class reading activity, much like a text book. I’m still a proponent of the balanced literacy and whole language movements where students imitate the activities of the characters in the books. The science presentations can act as a springboard to an actual student activity.

*Small group discussion. Each book can be presented to the rest of the class as a play, Readers Theater, science fact presentation according to chapter contents, individual reports, a multimedia presentation, chart presentations, etc.

*Independent reading and/ or book reports.

*Supplemental classroom reading can serve as material for class discussion, report or presentation.

*Multiple intelligences can be addressed by allowing presentations of the book plots or actual science or social study facts through the visual or performing arts. How bout a dance of the dolphins? Or a play about how creatures interact in their environments? A song telling the life cycle of an insect? A watercolor representation of the underside of a horseshoe crab? Creating a costume to demonstrate how creatures can be camouflaged in their worlds? A news flash detailing the dangers of fracking on the environment? A puppet show detailing the swamp biome?

*Instead of traditional text –books, use my books. Perhaps, the students can write letters to one another or to friends and family telling what they’ve learned. Create a class newspaper account of a day in the life.

*Brainstorm a combination of modalities to be presented at a school assembly.

*Utilize the formula poems found in The Ocean’s Way and The Ocean’s Way Poetry Companion as a model and have the students present facts in this same format.

*Conduct an author study to compare and contrast my books with one another or with books by other authors.

* Create a diorama or model to show relationships, life cycles, or habitats.

*Design a travel brochure for the places the book characters visit.

*Vote for a class president using the book characters as candidates.

 

Book Titles The Science Project, The Ocean’s Way, Who Do Voodoo?,
The Ocean’s Way Poetry Companion, 
Sojourn Into The Night-A Memoir of the Peruvian Rainforest

All titles are available for preview and purchase at Amazon and Barnes & Noble websites. Available in digital and paperback formats.

Questions? Call 718-746-0758 or click here to email.

All rights reserved April, 2018.

Study Guide 4: Sojourn Into The Night-A Memoir of the Peruvian Rainforest

Pages 46-59.

Please remember to look for creatures hidden among the leaves.

You can preview and purchase Sojourn Into The Night—A Memoir of the Peruvian Rainforest at Amazon or Barnes & Noble websites for a digital or paperback copy, or you can visit Smashwords.com for a digital copy.

These questions are based on pages 46-59.

1.Owl Butterflies

Draw a picture of the owl butterfly with its wings opened. Label the body parts. How did it get its name? How does it see? Hear? Smell? Taste? Feel? Life span?

Why does it fly primarily at dusk and dawn? What other adaptations aid in its survival? What does it eat? Explain the stages of metamorphosis. Why are they considered jungle pests when in the caterpillar stage? What role might parasitic wasps play in the attempt to control destructive caterpillar activity?  What behaviors might the host exhibit to protect itself from parasitic invasion? What are its natural enemies? Diagram the owl butterfly’s position on the food chain. How might a decrease in the numbers of owl butterflies affect other creatures in the rainforest?

Explain how they reproduce. Define lekking, genic capture, hotshot hypothesis, hotspot model, black hole model, and genetic diversity. Demonstrate how the theory of natural selection is at play here.

2. Indigenous People of the Peruvian Rainforest

What language(s) are spoken? What is the ethnicity of the majority of inhabitants? From which area of the world did they most likely emigrate? What is the typical diet? In what ways does the rainforest provide for its inhabitants? Define shifting cultivation and sustainable existence. In what ways does depending on an environment with limited usable land mass impact a people? Why is malnutrition so prevalent? Why do people congregate in specific regions? How does competition for natural resources affect interdependence? What characteristics are unique to the indigenous people of the rainforest? How might tourism and outside economic development both negatively and positively affect the status quo? In what way are the indigenous people trying to protect their territory and culture?

3. Children of the Peruvian Rainforest

How are children educated? What factors interfere with their education? In what ways does this limit their choices for the future? Show how technology and social media be used to provide a more equitable educational opportunity. What resistance might you expect to the introduction of this idea?

How is rabies contracted in the rainforest? Who are the most likely victims? Why? What other diseases are transmitted by vampire bats? Why do you think a victim who is bitten is in danger of contracting more than one disease? What are some preventive measures that should be taken by tourists and indigenous people to protect themselves from vampire bats?  Why aren’t these practices widespread?

In what ways do cultural opposition and remote location adversely affect the children?

4. Impact of  Cultural & Societal Systems

How and why do places change over time? How have cultural, technologic, and societal systems impacted the environment of the rainforest? How does lack of technology decrease diffusion of culture and limit exposure to outside culture?

How might indigenous people offer insightful suggestions for utilizing the resources of the rainforest while protecting its integrity?

Will the 21st Century be remembered as a time when the integrity of the Earth was destroyed or preserved? Support your answer.

5. Memoir

A memoir is a compelling first person story which focuses on a moment in time, rather than an overview of the author’s life. It’s a snapshot of an impactful event. The elements of memoir: truth, theme, voice, point of view, and musing or reflection. Your turn! You write a memoir! First, make a list of camera-worthy moments in time. Now, choose your topic and theme, tell your truthful memory, and add your feelings, insights and epiphanies. Yes, it’s that easy.

Spoiler alert: I will not be providing the answers for the questions. If you’re a  serious adventurer, then you will discover the world on your own. Support all your answers with facts found in the book and your own research. Seek and you shall find!

You can email Elaine Donadio at author@elainedonadio.com

See you next time!

All rights reserved 2017, 2018.

 

Study Guide 3: Sojourn Into The Night-A Memoir of the Peruvian Rainforest

Pages 38-45

Please remember to look for creatures hidden among the leaves.

You can preview and purchase Sojourn Into The Night—A Memoir of the Peruvian Rainforest at Amazon or Barnes & Noble websites for a digital or paperback copy, or you can visit Smashwords.com for a digital copy.

These questions are based on pages 38-45.

 

1.Mosquito Borne Rainforest Illnesses

Yellow Fever

How and where is yellow fever transmitted? Symptoms? Treatment? Curable? Contagious? Morbidity and mortality rates? Which rainforest mammals are also bitten by mosquitoes? How can humans protect themselves? What other illnesses in developing countries are caused by this same mosquito?

What strategies are utilized to control the mosquito population? Define sylvatic cycle and urban cycle. What are their consequences on the human population?

In what way do infected monkeys transmit the illness to humans?

 Malaria

How and where is malaria transmitted? Symptoms? Treatment? Curable? Contagious? Morbidity and mortality rates? Precautionary measures? Which rainforest creatures are also affected?

How is malaria spreading in the United States? Why have the incidences and severity sharply  increased worldwide? Define endemic. What is airport malaria?

What changes would you recommend to launch a more successful campaign against this illness?

 

2. Insect Repellent

Define insect repellent. When should it be used? Who should use it? Which ingredients in insect repellents give the most effective protection? Give brand names of those judged as most effective.

How much time before your trip should you see a health care professional for prescriptions, shots and information? What are the rules for using insect repellent most effectively? What should you do if you have an allergic reaction?

Which behaviors reduce dangers associated with mosquitoes of the rainforest?

 

3. General Mosquito Borne Illnesses

Name additional mosquito borne illnesses. How do mosquitoes transmit illnesses? What invention of the 1880s provided an immeasurable safety device against mosquitoes to people in their homes? What protective steps and behaviors have been proven effective in combating mosquitoes in the home environment?

Make a poster listing steps to take for reducing the mosquito infestation and unwanted exposure at home. Title: Protect Yourself!

 

4. Medicinal Plants of the Peruvian Rainforest

Dragon’s Blood or Sangre de Grado is a widely used medicinal plant of the Peruvian rainforest used in Peru, Brazil, Ecuador, Dominican Republic, Mexico and the United States although it has not been approved by the American Food and Drug Administration.. How did it get its name? What are its medicinal and industrial uses?

What other medicinal treatments and cures come from the rainforest? Explain the importance of the rainforest in providing healing and restorative treatments in Western Medicine.

Shaman

Define shaman. Support the importance of the shaman to indigenous people? Explain the crucial roles shaman play in helping scientists discover the potential of plants. Where do shaman store their knowledge?

How have multinational practices threatened individual and cultural survival? What can we as individuals do to help preserve traditional knowledge, indigenous cultures and tropical ecosystems?

 

5. Become An Eco-Tourist

Get ready to become a world traveler! Plan a trip to the rainforest of Peru. Of course, you can pretend or you can actually go. It’s up to you!

* Locate Peru on a map. Bordering ocean and countries? Major sites and cities?
*Google Plan A Trip To the Peruvian Rainforest

 *Choose the length of your stay, which sites to visit
*Understand climate conditions
*Identify travel and sleeping accommodations-jungle lodges, backpacking tours, riverboat excursions, small hotels
*Determine amenities, if any
*Inquire about airline schedules, fares, luggage rules, ground transportation *Research tours, excursions, activities such as tree climbing and sport fishing *Decide on a budget and appropriate luggage such as different size suitcases, duffel bag, backpack, day trip bag
*Apply for a passport
*Check which health providers can provide malaria and yellow fever protection as well as altitude sickness aids if visiting higher elevations
*Purchase personal safety items such as flashlights; appropriate clothing for trekking such (boots, hiking shoes, sun hat,  sunglasses) ; personal protection (insect repellent, sunscreen); toiletries such as toilet paper and wipes, hand gel
*Understand payment options (cash, debit card, VISA, Master Card, NOT American Express
*Include Spanish Translation Dictionary
*Arrange for a cell phone service provider
*Obtain electrical adapters for charging electronic equipment
*Ascertain if your personal items are eco-friendly

 

State a rule for human survival in the rainforest of Peru.

 

Spoiler alert: I will not be providing the answers for the questions. If you’re a serious adventurer, then you will discover the world on your own. Support all your answers with facts found in the book and your own research. Seek and you shall find!

You can email Elaine Donadio at author@elainedonadio.com

Next: Sojourn Into The Night—A Memoir of the Peruvian Rainforest Study Guide 4. See you on March 24, 2018!

All rights reserved 2017, 2018.

 

Study Guide 2: Sojourn Into The Night-A Memoir of the Peruvian Rainforest by Elaine Donadio

Pages 22-37.

Please remember to look for creatures hidden among the leaves.

You can preview and purchase Sojourn Into The Night—A Memoir of the Peruvian Rainforest at Amazon or Barnes & Noble websites for a digital or paperback copy, or you can visit Smashwords.com for a digital copy.

Please be sure to find the camouflaged bullfrog, bromeliads and walking stick.

These questions are based on pp. 22-37.

1. The Amazon Biome

Define ecosystem and biome. What is their relationship? In which countries and continent is the largest tropical rainforest located? Why does Peru stand apart from the other countries? Which fruits, amphibians, birds, reptiles, fish, insects,  mammals, and trees can be found in the Peruvian rainforest?

The Amazon biome is known as the lungs of the world. Explain.

 

2. The Bullfrog

Why is the bullfrog an alien species in the rainforest? How did it get there? What is special about its skin? Explain why the bullfrog is referred to as the canary in the coal mine. What does it eat? What are its enemies?  How does the bullfrog upset the balance of nature in the rainforest?

Why is the bullfrog nocturnal? What adaptations allow the bullfrog to protect itself? Define hibernation and estivation. Why is it unlikely that the bullfrog of the Peruvian rainforest will ever have to utilize these survival techniques?

 

3. Camouflage

Define achromatic, monochromatic, and polychromatic. How do these color schemes aid in the survival of the creatures of the rainforest?

Design a diorama, painting or drawing depicting a Peruvian rainforest scene with a combination of achromatic, monochromatic, and polychromatic areas. Camouflage the appropriate creatures within your landscape or waterscape.

 

4. Walking Stick

Draw and label the body parts. Plant or insect? Does it share its classification name with other creatures? Explain. What does it eat? Enemies? What is defoliation? How might the walking stick be injurious to the health of the rainforest? Define light-gap, succession, and climax forests. How can the eating habits of the walking stick actually be beneficial to the rainforest?

Define camouflage, mimicry, crypsis, and cataleptic state. What adaptations have aided the walking stick to survive in the rainforest?

In what way has the walking stick served as a model for the engineering of robots?

 

5. Tanka Poem

Choose a creature from the rainforest of Peru. Research and list facts. Create a tanka poem using as many facts as possible. Follow the models on p. 31 Bullfrog and p. 37 Walking Stick.

Use the following guideline exactly as it appears:

Line 1 -5 syllables
Line 2 -7 syllables
Line 3 -5 syllables
Line 4 -7 syllables
Line 5 -7 syllables

 

Newspaper Article: ______ Fights Off Would-Be Attacker!

Choose Bullfrog, Katydid or Monkey. Write a newspaper article  telling about the incident. Stick to realistic facts. Answer the questions: Who? What? Why? When? Where? How? Keep it short and sweet.

 

Spoiler alert: I will not be providing the answers for the questions. If you’re a serious adventurer, then you will discover the world on your own. Support all your answers with facts found in the book and your own research. Seek and you shall find!

You can email Elaine Donadio at author@elainedonadio.com

Next: Sojourn Into The Night—A Memoir of the Peruvian Rainforest Study Guide 3. See you on March 17, 2018!

All rights reserved 2017, 2018.

 

What’s It All About? Sojourn Into The Night—A Memoir of the Peruvian Rainforest by Elaine Donadio

What’s It All About?

You can preview and purchase  Sojourn Into The Night—A Memoir of the Peruvian Rainforest at Amazon or Barnes & Noble websites for a digital or paperback copy, or you can visit Smashwords.com for a digital copy.

Sojourn Into The Night—A Memoir of the Peruvian Rainforest

 

Travel to the rainforest of Peru as the original photos in this watercolor journey help tell the story in this unrhymed,  poetic narrative which captures the stillness of the night and my delight in seeing unique creatures secure in their own world.

Awestruck by the beauty of the Peruvian rainforest, I behold what is hidden in plain sight. Aided by the full moon, the stars and three flashlights, the jungle guide traces the almost imperceptible – camouflaged creatures, unseen but for the probing lens and heightened senses of this mentor who, among the cacophony of undefined sounds amid ambiguous paths with buttress roots spread wide, staunch soldiers in their mission as lianas reach up with wooden fingers in communion with arboreal giants, quietly courses ahead in this exalted forest with depths of knowledge and intuition surpassing my own.

A teacher by profession, I become the student in this unfamiliar great biome, learning facts but also becoming aware of my limitations as a sentient being, capable of looking but incapable of seeing but for the gentle guidance of one who communes with nature.

My books are primarily geared to middle grade readers, but this book may be best suited to 12-adult (Nothing is X rated!).  They’re loaded with well-researched science facts and are appropriate for classroom study and/ or  supplemental or independent reading assignments with tie-ins for science, literacy and social studies. The secret of their success is their ability  and purpose in allowing the reader to have fun while learning—experiencing the world through the eyes of the characters—journeying with a friend, in a sense. Content area reading is what it’s all about.

Please visit my website ElaineDonadio.com  for study guides for this book. You can use the book for some of your answers, but you will have to do outside research, also.

Questions or comments? Please email me at author@elainedonadio.com. I’d love to hear from you.

Happy reading!

All rights reserved 2018.

 

 

Study Guide 1: Sojourn Into The Night—A Memoir of the Peruvian Rainforest by Elaine Donadio

Pages 1-21.

Please be sure to find the camouflaged buttress roots, lianas, monkeys, bats, katydid and of course, the stars.

You can preview and purchase Sojourn Into The Night—A Memoir of the Peruvian Rainforest at Amazon or Barnes & Noble websites for a digital or paperback copy, or you can visit Smashwords.com for a digital copy.

These questions are based on pages 1-21.

1. Poetic Techniques 

Find examples of alliteration (two or more successive words with the same initial sound), onomatopoeia (the spelling recreates the sound) and appeals to the senses of sight, hearing and touch.

Now, write your own:

Alliteration – a colorful flower garden, hot pavement after a heavy rain

Onomatopoeia – a thunder and lightning storm, sirens on a busy street

Appeal to Sense of Sight – at the park

Appeal to Hearing – at the beach

Appeal to Touch – a puppy or kitten

 

2. The Rainforest 

Identify the four layers of the Peruvian rainforest and the creatures and plants that are found in each layer. How are these layers important to the ecosystem of the rainforest? Describe the contribution of the Amazonian rainforest and the Amazon River to the world. In what ways have the plants and creatures of this rainforest improved human health? Give examples.

Explain how farming, mining, and dam building have contributed to the decline of the rainforest. What is deforestation? How does deforestation influence world climate change? What is an agrofuel plantation? What is its effect on the environment?

 

3. Constellations of the Southern Hemisphere

Orion – Why does the appearance of Orion differ in the Southern and Northern Hemispheres? In what parts of the world is Orion NOT visible? Why? How can you best find Orion in the night sky?  How can you locate his belt? Using an image of Orion constellation, point to the head, shoulders, knees, belt, sword, and the Orion Nebula. Re-create this image and be sure to label all parts. What is the Orion Nebula?

How is Betelgeuse different from other stars in this constellation? What is unique about Betelgeuse’s placement in this constellation?

True or false? Orion had great significance in ancient civilizations. Support your answer. In what ways can Orion be considered a global phenomenon?

Southern Cross – Define circumpolar. How does this apply to the Southern Cross as seen in the Southern Hemisphere? Why is it not widely visible in the North? Where in the United States might it be visible? In which direction should you look?

Draw and label the stars in the Southern Cross. What is the relationship between the Southern Cross and the Big Dipper?

How did ancient European explorers use the Southern Cross as a navigation tool?

Which continent uses the Southern Cross as its symbol?

The Centaur – Where is its placement in the sky? Why is this constellation no longer visible in the Northern Hemisphere? Define precession and declination. Apply these terms to the Centaur’s placement.

What is Alpha Centauri? What is its significance in astronomy? Draw and label its placement with the Centaur constellation.

Recount the legend of how Centaur Chiron became a star in the sky. What conclusion can you make about the importance of this constellation?

 

4. Bats – Draw and label the body parts. Bats can fly, so why is it classified as a mammal rather than a bird? What is echolocation? How does this adaptation serve the bats of the rainforest? What other adaptations help the bat to survive? What is unique about the bats of Peru?  Show how some bats’ anticoagulant action while drinking the blood of livestock is used to help human heart attack victims.

Make a diagram to show the placement of bats in the food chain of the rainforest of Peru. What percentage of the rainforest mammals are bats?

Give examples of bats as social creatures. Describe their reproductive and child rearing habits. Why are there so few baby bats?

Explain the role of bats in the health of the rainforest. What occurrences in their habitat could result in the extermination of the species?

 

5. Katydids – What is its nickname in Great Britain? Draw and label the body parts. What is the purpose of the antennae? What is the purpose of the female’s long sharp structure at the end of the abdomen? Where are the ears located? How do they communicate? How do they produce sound?

Explain how camouflage, mimicry, and jumping aid in their survival. Diurnal or nocturnal? Social or solitary? How do their adaptations contribute to their survival?

Make a diagram to show their placement in the food chain of the Peruvian rainforest.

In what ways are the ears of the katydid similar to ears of humans? Define evolutionary convergence. What is its significance between insects and mammals?

Readers Theater

Create and perform a Readers Theater script with Katydid and Bat as the main characters and monkeys, snakes, birds, etc. as minor characters.  Title: Please Don’t  Eat My Babies.

Readers Theater is a dramatic presentation of a written work in a script format. Readers read from a “script” and reading parts are divided among the readers. No memorization, costumes, blocking, or special lighting is needed. Presentations can easily be done in a classroom. Scripts are held by the readers who read one at a time. Often the characters who are not currently reading stand with their backs to the audience.

 

Design A T-Shirt

Design a T-shirt for Bullfrog, Katydid, or Monkey. Draw the likeness. Surround the image with five descriptive words or phrases.

 

 

Spoiler alert: I will not be providing the answers for the questions. If you’re a serious adventurer, then you will discover the world on your own. Support all your answers with facts found in the book and your own research. Seek and you shall find!

You can email Elaine Donadio at author@elainedonadio.com

Next: Sojourn Into The Night—A Memoir of the Peruvian Rainforest Study Guide 2. See you on March 10, 2018!

All rights reserved 2017, 2018.

 

Saturday, March 14, 2020- Barnes & Noble, Massapequa, NY 12:00-4:00pm

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